# Ai@ce

HISTORY OF MODERN SCIENCE: THE 18th CENTURY “MECHANICS”
Actually, they all seemed to be interested in just about everything.

Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782) is best known for his work in fluid mechanics, in particular for his discovery that pressure decreases as flow speed increases – a fact that today keeps carburetors running and fixed-wing planes in the air.

Leonhard Euler (1707-1783), Swiss mathematician and physicist sometimes called “the Galileo of mathematical physics,” did ground-breaking work across many fields. He discovered Euler’s number, e, the second most important constant in physics, after pi.

He also introduced much of modern mathematical terminology and notation, for example, the notion of a mathematical function.  Thus, Euler is justifiably remembered as a mathematician. However, he is also known for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy, and music theory.  [wp]

Joseph Fourier (1768-1830) was a pioneer in theories of heat and vibration. The technique he invented for this work – representing complex waves by adding together simpler waves – is now used everywhere in science and engineering.

Thomas Young (1773-1829) pioneered the “double-slit” experiment: shining a light through two narrow slits, he produced a pattern akin to the one produced by two overlapping water waves. This demonstration of the wave nature of light later became central to quantum mechanics.

Young made notable scientific contributions in the fields of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, physiology, and language. He also advanced European understanding of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs (notably, those on the famous Rosetta Stone). [wp]

Carl Friedrich Gauss / Gauß (1777-1855), called “the prince of mathematicians” by his contemporaries, is now best remembered for his “normal” (or Gaussian) distributions, which plot how likely things are to vary from average.

A German mathematician and physical scientist, he contributed significantly to many fields - in mathematics: number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry. In physics, he did work in geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy, and optics. [wp]

William Hamilton (1805-1865) reformulated Newtonian mechanics into what is now known as Hamiltonian mechanics. In doing so, he wrote the mathematical language in which modern physics, especially quantum theory, is expressed.

Sir William Rowan Hamilton was an Irish physicist, astronomer, and mathematician, who made important contributions to classical mechanics, optics, and algebra. [wp]

THE SCIENTIFIC TYPOGRAPHIES OF Dr. Prateek Lala: artistic representations of more than 50 influential physicists, cosmologists, and mathematicians – from Anaximander up to Stephen Hawking.

Images and descriptions reprinted (with revisions) from: Perimeter Institute

NEXT UP: Ohm, Faraday, Maxwell, Röntgen, Tesla

#### 9 hours ago

March 11, 2014
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Here’s the recipe.

Wow

Unf

Life is amazing.

Oh my god

Lunchtime! (in loving memory of 3nding)

gnam

(Source: wamwanfood)

#### 9 hours ago

March 11, 2014
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Plays: 570

Bizet, Les Pêcheurs de Perles: A cette voix…Je crois entendre encore

Rolando Villazon, tenor

Münchner Rundfunkorchester, Michel Plasson

*

À cette voix quel trouble agitait tout mon être ? Quel fol espoir ?… comment ai-je cru reconnaître ?…Hélas ! devant mes yeux déjà, pauvre insensé, La même vision tant de fois a passé !…Non ! non ! c’est le remords, la fièvre, le délire ! Zurga doit tout savoir, J’aurais dû tout lui dire ! Parjure à mon serment, j’ai voulu la revoir ! J’ai découvert sa trace, Et j’ai suivi ses pas ! Et caché dans la nuit et soupirant tout bas, J’écoutais ses doux chants emportés dans l’espace.

ROMANCE.
I

Je crois entendre encore,
Caché sous les palmiers,
Sa voix tendre et sonore
Comme un chant de ramiers !
Ô nuit enchanteresse !
Ô souvenir charmant !
Doux rêve ! folle ivresse !
Divin ravissement !

II

Aux clartés des étoiles,
Je crois encor la voir
Entr’ouvrir ses longs voiles
Aux vents tièdes du soir !
Ô nuit enchanteresse !
Ô souvenir charmant !
Doux rêve ! folle ivresse !
Divin ravissement !…

(Il s’étend sur une natte et s’endort.)

*

English translation of the romance:

I believe I hear again,
hidden beneath the palm trees,
her tender, resonant voice,
like a dove’s song,

o enchanting night,
divine rapture,
o charming memory,

In the starlight,
I believe I see her again,
parting her long veils,
in the warm breezes of the evening,

o enchanting night,
divine rapture,
o charming memory,

#### 10 hours ago

March 11, 2014
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Lei è Turing

Sempre brillanti i commenti del Mucchio

#### 18 hours ago

March 11, 2014

Bello il triglavski park

#### 18 hours ago

March 11, 2014
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African print

Love kuba painting

#### 18 hours ago

March 11, 2014
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Yangshuo, Guilin, China

by Darren J Bennett

#### 18 hours ago

March 11, 2014
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"L’amore non ha luoghi privilegiati per nascere".
G. Perros

March 10, 2014
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#### 1 day ago

March 10, 2014
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Manhattan, New York City

(by Tony Shi.)

March 10, 2014
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